Special Guardianship or Kinship care is the support that relatives or friends give children who cannot live with their parents.
This type of care can be a private arrangement or formalised through a legal order and is seen as the middleground between adoption and permanent fostering. Unlike adoption, special guardians are not given total legal responsibility. However, they do exercise most parental responsibilities, unlike fostering where the local authority is legally involved in decision making.
As it more accurately describes what it is, sometimes this type of care is called family and friends care. Also kinship foster carers are often called connected persons.
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