Home and living

What types of mortgage are there?

There are hundreds of mortgage deals to pick from, so finding the best mortgage for you can be challenging, time consuming and, if you get it wrong, incredibly costly.

When beginning your hunt for a mortgage, a good place to start is with internet research. Searching online can give you a starting point to identify mortgage types, and an idea of the rates available. After your initial internet research, an independent mortgage broker can then provide a more in-depth search for mortgage deals that are suitable for you. Here’s a breakdown of the most common types of mortgage deals or products.

Fixed rate mortgages

A fixed rate mortgage is where the mortgage interest rate is fixed for a specified period of time, which means that your monthly repayments will also be based on this fixed rate – this could be two, three or five years, although there are products that fix the rate for ten years, or even the entire mortgage term. This also means that the interest rate you are charged stays the same during the fixed rate period.

Benefits of a fixed rate mortgage
  • Your monthly mortgage repayment stays the same during the fixed rate period, which means that you can budget for your monthly outgoings.
  • You know when the fixed rate is set to end, so you can look for a new fixed rate deal with the same or another lender.
  • If interest rates fall, your mortgage rate won’t change.
  • If you want to increase your payments to pay back your mortgage more quickly, the maximum amount you can repay each year is usually restricted.

Variable rate mortgages

A variable rate mortgage is where the rate you are charged fluctuates in line with interest rates. This means that your monthly mortgage payments can go up or down in line with interest rate charged by your lender.

Benefits of variable rate mortgages
  • If mortgage rates go down, your mortgage interest rate will follow suit.
  • You may not be charged to move to a new mortgage deal or transfer your mortgage to another lender should your circumstances change. You can make overpayments without penalty.
  • Whilst your interest rate may fall in line with current mortgage rates, your interest rate will also go up if your lender’s variable rate increases.

Repayment or Interest Only Mortgage

Whilst it is possible to set up a mortgage on an interest only basis, this type of mortgage is not suitable for the vast majority of first time buyers. The reason for this is that, with an interest only mortgage, you only ever repay interest to the mortgage lender, which means that at the end of the mortgage term you still owe the same amount you borrowed on day one.

A repayment mortgage is where the borrower repays both the capital amount and the accrued interest in fixed instalments over a fixed period. This is beneficial as it means that the borrowed amount decreases over the fixed term, and the entire amount can be paid off by the end of the fixed period.

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